Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][6] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.[7][8]

The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping apparel for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice just like a great lots of Some others from your Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London shops. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, pidžame tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."[10]


Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from delicate pidžame cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket ingredient normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.

In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas will often be referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.

Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but within the early twenty-to start with century They're relatively scarce.

Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are numerous variants in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying size,[16] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.

Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times provided the latter for a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of short dress leading more than shorts or quick pants.[18]

Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in pidžame the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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